Yellow Box (Eucalyptus melliodora) is a medium sized tree growing up to 30m. The bark at the base is dark brown to black with rough and loose look. Further up, the bark smooths out and the colour changes to a soft cream colour. There is variation in the appearance of the trunk and branches between trees. The mature leaves are dull grey green, sometimes the younger trees have a blue shade when viewed from distance. Buds develop in groups of 7; these begin growing most years during January but bud development follow rainfall patterns.
Flowering starts in November finishing January. The white flowers are more robust to unfavourable weather conditions. There is a lack of pollen and what pollen is produced doesn’t have the nutrition value for brood rearing. It is known by beekeepers to yield nectar when its roots are dry and its head is hot (hot dry weather). The honey has an excellent reputation and is first class. The fruit are pear in shape, about 5-8mm.
Yellow Box is wide spread in Victoria, from Gippsland to the Western and Northern districts. It prefers to grow in fertile drained ground. The wood is pale yellow, heavy and durable.